Anorexia is not primarily a food disorder, there is more to it. In the course of this article, you will be learning all about anorexia and how to become anorexic.
It’s a dangerous and harmful way to deal with emotional issues. When you have anorexia, thinness is frequently associated with self-worth.
Anorexia, like other eating disorders, can completely consume your life and be extremely difficult to overcome. However, with treatment, you can regain a better understanding of who you are, resume healthier eating habits, and reverse some of anorexia’s harmful consequences.
What Anorexia Means
Anorexia nervosa (also known as anorexia) is an eating disorder marked by abnormally low body weight, a strong fear of gaining weight, and a skewed sense of weight. Anorexics place a high priority on maintaining their weight and shape, and they will go to great lengths to achieve it, even if it means disrupting their daily life.
People with anorexia frequently reduce their food intake to avoid weight gain or maintain their weight loss. They may limit their calorie intake by vomiting after meals or abusing laxatives, diet aids, diuretics, or enemas. They may also attempt to shed weight by over-exercising.
Ultimately, the person continues to worry about weight growth no matter how much weight is reduced.
How People Become Anorexic
For most people, being obese can be extremely humiliating. As a result, such people are always looking for ways to become anorexic while trying to lose weight in any way they can.
Even when they’re fast becoming anorexic, they begin to believe they’re obese. Anorexics aim to maintain their weight as low as possible by either not eating enough food or exercising excessively or both. As they begin to hunger, this can make them very sick.
Causes of Anorexia
Anorexia’s actual cause is unknown. It’s likely a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental components, like with many disorders.
Although the exact genes involved are unknown, certain people may be more susceptible to anorexia due to genetic alterations. Perfectionism, sensitivity, and perseverance are all attributes linked to anorexia, and some people may have a genetic inclination toward them.
In modern Western culture, thinness is emphasized, and being slim is frequently associated with success and worth. Also, peer pressure, especially among young girls, may contribute to the desire to be skinny.
Some people with anorexia have obsessive-compulsive personality traits, which make it easier for them to stick to rigid diets and skip meals even when they are hungry. They may have an unhealthy obsession with perfection, leading them to believe that they are never skinny enough. They may also be anxious and use restrictive diets to cope.
Symptoms of Anorexia
Anorexia nervosa has physical indications and symptoms that are linked to hunger. Anorexia also encompasses mental and behavioral disorders such as an inaccurate body weight perception and a severe fear of gaining weight or becoming fat.
Because what constitutes a low body weight varies from person to person, and some people may not appear to be exceedingly thin, it can be difficult to detect indications and symptoms. Anorexics also tend to hide their weight, eating habits, and medical difficulties.
But in general, these symptoms are grouped into physical and emotional symptoms.
- Excessive weight loss or failure to meet developmental weight goals
- A slim figure
- Blood counts that are abnormal
- Confusion or dizziness
- The fingers have a bluish tint to them.
- Thin, broken, or falling out hair
- The hair on the body is soft and downy.
- Irregular menstruation
- Abdominal discomfort and constipation
- Skin that is dry or yellow
- Cold hypersensitivity
- Heart rhythm disturbances
- Arms and legs swell
- Induced vomiting left me with eroded teeth and calluses on my knuckles.
- Food obsession might include preparing extravagant meals for others but not consuming them.
- Frequently missing or refusing to eat meals
- Coming up with reasons for avoiding eating or denying hunger
- Eating only a few “safe” foods, which are usually low in fat and calories,
- Strict meal or eating routines, such as throwing out food after chewing
- Not wanting to eat in front of others
- Lying about the amount of food consumed
- Fear of gaining weight, which may include weighing or measuring the body repeatedly.
- Checking in the mirror for perceived imperfections on a regular basis
- Complaining about being overweight or having fat body parts
- Putting on layers of clothing to keep warm
- Mood is dull (lack of emotion)
- Social isolation
- Dieting or fasting severely
- Reduced interest in sex
- Excessive physical activity
- Binge eating and self-induced vomiting to get rid of food, which can include laxatives, enemas, diet aids, or herbal medicines.
How To Become Anorexic Fast
To develop anorexia, you need to deny yourself important meals, engage in frequent physical activity, and limit your diet to foods that are low in calories.
Although food is a significant component in eating disorders, the underlying psychological issues are what really cause the problem. Anorexics equate being thin with having worth, and they frequently restrict their food intake and monitor their weight in an unhealthy manner.
Anorexic individuals believe that the thinner they are, the more valuable they become; hence, they believe that they can never be thin enough. Sadly, a distorted perception of how the body should seem can be a contributing factor in the development of the condition.
Risk Factors Of Anorexia
The 3 major risk factors of Anorexia are Genetics, dieting, and transition.
Anorexia may be increased in some people due to changes in specific genes. Anorexia is significantly more likely in those who have a first-degree relative with the disorder – a parent, sibling, or child.
Dieting has been linked to the development of eating disorders. According to studies, many of the symptoms of anorexia are simply indicators of malnutrition. Starvation has an effect on the brain, causing mood swings, inflexible thinking, anxiety, and appetite loss.
For victims, starvation and weight loss may alter the way the brain works, perpetuating restrictive eating practices and making it difficult to return to regular eating habits.
Change can cause emotional stress and increase the risk of anorexia, whether it’s a new school, house, or job; a relationship breakup; or the loss or illness of a loved one.
Complications Of Anorexia
Anorexia can cause a variety of problems even death, although death can strike anyone at any time, even if they are not very underweight.
This death can be caused by abnormal cardiac rhythms (arrhythmias) or an electrolyte imbalance (minerals like sodium, potassium, and calcium that keep your body’s fluid balance).
Other Anorexic Complications Include:
- Cardiac issues like mitral valve prolapse, irregular heart rhythms, and heart failure.
- Osteoporosis, or bone loss
- Muscle atrophy
- Absence of menstruation in females
- Reduced testosterone levels in men
- Constipation, bloating, nausea and other common gastrointestinal issues
- Low blood potassium, sodium, and chloride levels and other electrolyte disorders.
- Kidney issues
Any organ in the body, including the brain, heart, and kidneys, can be affected if a person with anorexia becomes extremely malnourished. Even when anorexia is under control, this damage may not be completely reversible.
Anorexia sufferers frequently suffer from other mental health issues in addition to the physical ones. Among them are:
- Mood illnesses such as depression, anxiety, and others
- Character flaws
- Obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCDs)
- Misuse of alcohol and drugs
- Suicide attempts, self-harm, and suicidal thoughts
Treatment Of Anorexia
This disorder can be overcome with family counseling, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and interpersonal psychotherapy.
According to therapists who use the Maudsley approach to treat anorexia, families can play a crucial part in the treatment of anorexia. This can be achieved by a type of family therapy in which parents help their children eat again.
Clinicians invite the family to a picnic supper early on in the treatment process. This allows them to get a sense of how the family eats. They can also advise techniques for parents to encourage their children to eat more.
Parents share what they’ve fed their children and what’s going well in weekly meetings. By gradually allowing children to take control of their eating, the technique helps to enhance the children’s sentiments of independence. Clinicians also assist families in learning how to help their children cope with adolescent problems.
This method is quite short-term in comparison to existing treatment. Outpatient treatment is the mainstay because it is successful in the long run.
Prevention Of Anorexia
Anorexia nervosa cannot be completely avoided. Primary care physicians (pediatricians, family physicians, and internists) may be able to detect early signs of anorexia and prevent it from progressing to a full-blown sickness.
During routine medical appointments, they can, for example, inquire about eating habits and contentment with appearance.
If you observe these difficulties, consider talking to a family member or friend about your low self-esteem, severe dietary habits, or unhappiness with your looks. Although you may not be able to avoid the onset of an eating issue, you can discuss better behaviors or treatment choices.
How To Become Anorexic: FAQs
Why Do People Become Anorexic?
Anorexics People frequently limit their food intake in order to avoid gaining weight or maintain weight loss. They may use laxatives, diuretics, diet aids, or enemas to control their calorie intake. Excessive exercise may also be used to lose weight. The person continues to be concerned about weight gain no matter how much weight is removed.
Who Gets Anorexia?
Anorexia affects more girls and women than boys. However, eating disorders are becoming more common in boys and men, possibly as a result of increased social pressures.
Teenagers are also more prone to anorexia. This eating problem can affect people of any age, though it is more common in those over 40. Teenagers may be particularly vulnerable due to the physical changes that occur during puberty. They may also be more sensitive to criticism or even casual comments about weight or physical form due to heightened peer pressure.
How Long Does It Take To Become Anorexic?
Every anorexic will go through their journey in their own unique way. However, the onset of anorexia typically takes several months, and the condition might continue for years if it is not addressed.
How To Become Anorexic: Final Words
Having read this point in the article, it is clear that anorexia comes with enough risk factors to be avoided. There are other healthy ways to build your self-esteem alternatives to losing weight that you should consider.